At CiS electronic GmbH you will find high-quality connectors and specially assembled solutions of connectors for almost all fields of application – always in best quality. Especially in the field of industrial electronics we are your reliable partner.
What is a connector?
A connector is an electromechanical device that establishes an electrical connection between two electronic components. In the process, it ensures that performance is not compromised.
What is the composition of a connector?
Most connectors fall into two categories: male and female. The male part is also titled the „pin“ or „plug“ and is connected to the female energy-carrying part. The female part of a connector is also called jack or slot. It is also commonly referred to as a „socket“ when it is a permanent part of an electronic device.
If the connectors are not compatible, an adapter is used to make the connection.
The connector can be permanently installed to create a connection permanently. In addition, it is possible to install and remove the connector for a specific purpose. Here we speak of a detachable or separable connection.
Standards in the field of connectors
Many differently standardized connectors are used worldwide. On the one hand, standards for the geometric shape of plugs, sockets, couplings and sockets are taken into account. On the other hand, there are standards for the electrical or optical signal that is transmitted via cables or optical fibers and connectors. Various plug faces and designs are distinguished, such as DIN 41 612, DIN 617, DIN circular connectors, HDMI, M5 miniature circular connectors and many more.
Requirements for connectors
Depending on the field of application, different requirements are placed on connectors. This is because, depending on the type of signals that need to be transmitted, the electrical connections have to meet very specific requirements. For example, the amperage and the level of voltage are decisive factors for the correct selection of the connector. IP protection classes, which determine the provisions for protection against foreign bodies, contact and water, also play a decisive role.
To meet the various requirements, different electrical connection technologies are used in the field of connectors. These include, for example:
– PCB connection technology
– soldering technology
– press-fit technology
– crimp technology
– insulation displacement technology
What are the types of connectors?
Input/output (I/O) connectors, flange connectors, wire-to-wire (WtW) connectors are electromechanical components that provide a connection between cables and wires to a fixed part, device or assembly. Industry standards of I/O connectors are D-Sub, USB, RJ45, metric connectors such as M12 connectors but also MTA connectors.
Input and output connectors are compact, space-saving and are particularly suitable for e.g. electrical devices for private and commercial use or transport and traffic electronics (aviation, road traffic, shipping).
PCB connectors are electronic components used to connect wires to a printed circuit board. Common industry standards include PCB, FPC and LVDS connectors.
In order to connect PCBs together without cables, so-called PCB connectors are necessary. This connection is often achieved by brazing and is thus permanent. For a higher data transmission rate, these connectors often have integrated shielding.
Subgroups of board-to-board connectors are backplane connectors and mezzanine connectors.
Coaxial connectors provide a detachable connection between coaxial cables or high-frequency cables.
Optical connectors are used to connect optical fibers (optical cables, fiber optic cables).
Use of industrial connectors
A variety of different connectors are required in a wide range of industries and for the manufacture of countless products. Particularly noteworthy in the field of industrial electronics are plant and mechanical engineering, automation, automotive and electrical engineering. But the solution-oriented use of connectors is also important in the fields of energy and environmental technology, medical technology, transportation and traffic. Many other areas and industries are imaginable.
An overview of the most common connectors
Data connectors are used when digital information is to be exchanged between two devices. This includes, for example, digital images, files or videos. USB connectors are predominantly used here, which differ as follows:
- USB 2.0
- USB 3.0 or USB 3.1
- VGA plug and socket
- HDMI male and female
- HDMI Micro
- DVI male
- jack plug
Serial, Parallel and Network Connectors
- D-SUB male and female connector
- Network plug and socket
- M8 connector
- M12 connector